I recently had to renew my US visa after the previous one expired. Since I missed the drop box window, I had to go through the entire process again. Initially, I was a bit upset that I had made such a rookie mistake – letting my visa expire past the point of semi-automatic renewal, but it all worked out perfectly in the end and I have a great blog post to show for it too!
PS: Having a USA visa in your Nigerian passport can make your travel life easier in some cases. For one, in addition to the 44 countries you can visit visa-free (or get a visa on arrival), you have access to 17 more that would offer a visa on arrival if you have a valid US visa. You might also find certain application processes easier. So even if you don’t intend to travel to the US soon, it doesn’t hurt to always have a valid visa in your passport.
Applying for a US B-2 (Tourism) Visa in Nigeria – The Process
The first step to applying for a US visa begins with a passport photograph. A soft copy is essential to have as it is needed when filling the DS-160 form online and during the interview process. The passport must meet the site’s requirement before it can be uploaded successfully.
You can then proceed to fill out the DS-160 form. Your interview actually begins here so it is important to ensure that you fill in only correct and accurate information. Once the form is submitted, you cannot make any changes. Save and print out the confirmation page after submission. You will need this to schedule an appointment date. You are also required to take this with you to the interview.
The next step is to pay the non-refundable visa fee. At the time of this writing, it costs $160 for a tourist visa. The fee has to be paid in naira at any GTBank branch or online if you own an account with the bank. The bank uses the current official exchange rate, so the naira value will change as the rates do. Print out the receipt after you’ve paid. You would need the payment code to schedule your interview appointment and also to take with you to the consulate or embassy.
After you’ve filled out your form and paid the visa fee, you can go ahead to schedule an appointment. You can either do so online or by contacting the provided call centre number. The first time I applied for a visa, the wait time was only a few days. This time, I had to wait three full months! If you’re concerned about long wait times, it would be best to apply as early as possible or use the services of a trusted travel consultant to book a closer date. I can recommend Globe Jaunters – as I have used their services personally in the past.
So you’ve scheduled your appointment and you have an interview date. Now, the second phase begins!
Where is the US Consulate/Embassy Located?
The US consulate is located at 2 Walter Carrington Crescent, Victoria Island, Lagos while the embassy is located at Plot 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja, Nigeria.
US Visa Requirements – What Documents Should I Bring to the Interview?
It is compulsory to have the following documents when you go to the consulate for your interview;
- International passport – with a minimum of two free leaflets and six months validity
- DS-160 confirmation page
- Confirmation of visa appointment date
- Visa payment receipt
- 2 recent photographs on white background (50mm x 50mm) taken not longer than six months earlier
In addition to these, you should bring any other documents to support your application. These include, but are not limited, to the following;
- Letter of invitation
- Previous passports
- Proof of funds (I printed out my bank statements and pay slips for three months)
- Letter of employment
My Experience: At the first security checkpoint, we were asked to present the DS-160 and appointment date confirmation as well as the visa payment receipt. No one actually checked these and even if they had, it would have been a redundant process. Officials inside the building already had details of everyone who was to be interviewed. In any case, it’s better to have these documents and not need them than need them and not have them.
PS: You’re not allowed to bring any electronics and mobile devices into the building. There is a small community outside the consulate where you may be able to keep your items for a fee. I tend to always avoid these guys because they charge so much money. If you can, you should too.
USA Visa Interview – What Kind of Questions Should I Expect?
After going through security and entering the building, you will be asked to stand in line and wait to be attended to. There are usually three queues. The first is to get details of your passport (I guess). Your passport is collected, scanned and tagged. The second line is to collect your biometric details and the last is for the interview.
The interviewer would ask questions based on your application and the information you have entered in the DS-160 form. The questions may include the following;
- What are you going to do in the US?
- Where exactly are you going to?
- How long would you be there for?
- Who’s inviting you?
- What is your relationship with this person? Where did you meet?
- Is it a romantic relationship?
- Where would you be staying?
- Do you have family in the US?
- Are you married?
- Are you travelling alone?
- Who is paying for the trip?
- Where do you work?
- What do you do for them?
- How much do you earn?
- Have you been out of the country before? What for?
The goal of the interview is to establish a genuine reason for travel, to confirm that you have sufficient ties to your country and you would return after you’re granted a visa. You should answer these questions genuinely. Be confident and be specific when responding too.
USA Visa Interview – How Should I Respond?
For example, don’t answer the first question by saying;
‘I just want to go for tourism’
Instead, you could say;
‘I would love to visit my very good friend, Mark, and spend some time with his family. I would also love to go to New York to visit some of the sites I’ve heard so much about. Like Times Square, Central Park and the Statue of Liberty’
PS: Some of these questions can spark an array of several others. If you’re going to see your biological uncle, for example, you should know if he is married or not. If he has children and how old they are, where he works and so on…
Why are Nigerians Denied a Visa
Failure to answer questions or giving answers that are inconsistent with what you previously stated in your form may result in an application rejection.
The interviewer may also reject an application if they are not convinced that you have enough ties to your home country or sufficient funds to cover expenses for the trip. A lack of travel history may also result in denial. It is very rare to see the US grant visas to first-time travellers (who are sponsoring the trip themselves).
Like I mentioned in this article, you stand a better chance if you have a good travel history.
Tips to Increase my Chances of Getting a Visa
In addition to tips I have shared in this article (Dos & Don’ts of Visa Applications in Nigeria), you should ensure that you have entered accurate information in the online form. If certain things like travel dates have changed, let the interviewer know the reason for this change.
Having a good job or business matters too. If someone else is covering the expenses for the trip, this also applies. You can read more about US Visa Interviews here.
The interviewer would tell you whether you qualify to get a visa or not at the end of the interview. If you do, you will be asked to pick up your visa in about 4 working days.
My US B-2 Visa Application was Rejected. When Can I Apply Again?
And if you don’t, you should feel free to ask for the specific reasons why you’re being denied. (Be very polite). Here’s an excerpt from an article by Globe Jaunters about how you can phrase this question;
Why will I not be receiving a visa today? The refusal letter is too general, I would love to know more, please
You can resubmit your application at any time after refusal with proof to show that some things have changed since the last time you applied. You would also have to fill a new visa application and pay the fees again.
That’s about it for the entire process. I hope you find this guide useful. Feel free to share your visa experience with me or ask any questions you might have in the comment section.